At the mouth of the Hudson River in southeastern New York State, New York City is the biggest and most influential city in America. Henry Hudson first saw New York Harbor in 1609 and, by 1626, New Amsterdam had been established.
In 1664, the British fleet appeared, and the Dutch governor surrendered peacefully. Even then, the Port of New York was already a multi-cultural, multi-racial center. The Stamp Act Congress met there in 1765, and the Sons of Liberty sprang up to fight British excise-tax stamps. The first fight of the American Revolution took place when the Sons of Liberty fought the British on Golden Hill, now the home of City Hall, in 1770.
By the end of the 1700s, the Port of New York was the United States?largest city, and it has maintained that position ever since. The Port of New York is famous as an arrival point for millions of immigrants, many of whom stayed in the city to build their new lives.
Shipping has always a part of the Port of New York's character, with merchants and shipping dominating local politics and driving growth. From 1830 until the mid-20th Century, the Port of New York was the busiest port in the world.
Over the last 50 years, much of its shipping moved to other cities. Most trade shipping now happens in the nearby Newark-Elizabeth port in New Jersey. The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey operates shipping terminals and facilities in both ports, and the Port of New York is the focus for passenger terminals and tourism.
Cruising and Travel
The Port of New York has world-class cruise ship ports in its Manhattan and Brooklyn facilities. Some of the world's biggest, fastest, and most luxurious passenger ships visit these facilities. Most major cruise lines use the New York Cruise Terminal, which gives visitors quick access to one of the most exciting cities in the world.